Genital Integrity is a basic human right.

A educational blog about routine infant circumcision and intactivism.

Wednesday, June 28, 2006

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Gay Rights Advocates March Against Male Genital Mutilation

Movement to ban medically unnecessary infant male circumcision is highlighted at the nation’s largest gay event.


SAN FRANCISCO, California – In a show of support for male sexual rights, twenty activists marched against the controversial practice of infant circumcision during the 36th Annual LGBT Pride Parade in San Francisco on Sunday. The participants carried banners, handed out information, and wore black t-shirts reading “Stop Male Genital Mutilation”. The parade contingent was greeted with cheers by onlookers who lined up to watch the procession.

The Male Genital Mutilation Pride Parade contingent was sponsored by, a San Diego, California, based group seeking to amend current federal and state female genital mutilation laws to be gender neutral. Michael Keith, the coordinator of the contingent, said that legislators need to take action to protect infant boys from being circumcised for medically unnecessary reasons. “We’re here to do more than just educate the public”, said Keith. “We’re also here to tell lawmakers that we demand action. It has been nearly a decade since the enactment of U.S. laws that protect girls from genital cutting, and during that time more than 10 million American boys have had their penises forcefully mutilated by circumcision. It is long overdue for Congress and state legislatures to enact similar legislation that protects males.”


Tuesday, June 27, 2006

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INTACT BABY CARE-It's so easy!

Lot's of parents have heard that foreskins are unhygienic and caring for an intact child is more time consuming or complicated. The truth is actually the exact opposite. Not only do you avoid wound care (gauze, vasoline) when you leave your baby intact, but care is amazingly simple: Wipe off the outside like you would a finger. That's it.

But, what about pulling back the skin to clean?

When babies are born, the foreskin is fused to the glans much like your fingernail is attached to your fingertip. At the tip of the foreskin is the preputial sphincter that is designed to be open just enough for him to urinate freely, but closed enough to keep all of the 'yuckies' out. Over time, the natural adhesions (synechia) that attach the foreskin to the head of the penis break down, and the opening of the foreskin becomes progressively more 'stretchy'.

Most boys discover they can comfortably retract their own foreskins between the ages of toddlerhood and adolescense, although some may not be able to retract until their teens and that's perfectly normal as well. Nobody should ever try to retract a baby or young child's foreskin before it's developmentally ready to.

The American Academy of Pediatrics warns, "Most boys will be able to retract their foreskins by the time they are 5 years old, yet others will not be able to until the teenage years. As a boy becomes more aware of his body, he will most likely discover how to retract his own foreskin. But foreskin retraction should never be forced. Until separation occurs, do not try to pull the foreskin back — especially an infant's. Forcing the foreskin to retract before it is ready may severely harm the penis and cause pain, bleeding and tears in the skin."

So, the number one rule for intact baby care is: Leave it alone.

Just like the vaginas of little girls don't need to be stretched or douched, the foreskins of baby boys are self-cleaning.

Monday, June 26, 2006

The Truth about the Plastibell Method

(Click above image to watch video.)

There is a huge myth regarding the Plastibell among MANY parents. I can't count the number of times I've read a parent's claim that their son had this great/new/painless/cut-free type of circumcision, where they just put a 'little ring' on it and the foreskin falls off days later. WRONG. They still do a dorsal slit to fit the bell and ring on, then they have to tightly tie suturing string around the ring (which crushes the skin/blood vessels the same way a gomco or mogen does), and then the 'excess skin' is trimmed away.

IMO, it's not anymore humane or safe than a mogen or gomco, and there's the added risk of necrotizing fasciitis" (extremely graphic) because of the ROTTING SKIN against an open wound. In addition, while a baby circed by the plastibell method's glans is JUST as RAW as a baby circed by any other method, the plastibell aftercare does NOT include vasoline or petroleum jelly. Parents see this as an advantage, because it's one less thing they have to worry about, but what it means for the baby is their sore, raw, oozy glans is constantly exposed to urine with NO protection.

Also, plastibells are known to generally produce looser circumcisions, which is good in one sense because baby gets to keep a little bit of his foreskin at least...but it also means a higher chance of penile adhesions...which of course a lot of doctors still unnecessarily lyse (rip back) during office visits with no anesthetic.

Sunday, June 25, 2006

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In Awe of His Perfection

I remember so vividly, calling from the bathroom to my husband, who had just crawled into bed, "You know honey, I haven't had any braxton hicks contractions today, but I just have a water is going to break." Oh, the powers of women's intuition! I finished brushing my teeth, layed down beside him, and tried to get settled. I hadn't even fallen asleep yet when I felt a very strong, low kick...I turned over and felt a gush, and jumped out of bed exclaiming to my husband that it was finally time.

Labor was a beautiful challenge...and I had incredible support from both friends and family. Time didn't exist, only the present, I was so 'in the moment'. Hours seemed like minutes. And before I knew it, he was being tumbled onto my belly, wide-eyed and wet, completely silent...he hadn't even taken his first breath. I used my finger to clear his mouth, rubbed his back and the soles of his feet, until he began to breathe, and his skin color warmed. Tears well up in my eyes even now as I write this, because I can picture his face like it was yesterday...those dark, shiney eyes staring into mine full of innocent wisdom and the purest trust, how he recognized my voice, and my first words to him, "Welcome to the world, little one!"

I looked him over head to toe and marveled at his beauty and every little, precious detail. His skin was so incredibly soft, his little lips so pink, little fingers, hands, and toes. How can something that happens every few seconds on this planet be so miraculous?_His birth had been long awaited, and the pregnancy deeply wanted after our first had ended in the grief of miscarriage. Because of this, I was all the more greatful for the healthy, flawless, amazing child in my arms. I finally felt "lucky" again...and I have never been more proud of myself or my body, I felt so strong and powerful...and blessed.

I was truly in awe of his perfection. And even from those very first moments I felt something else...a very strong bond to my child---my child!---I was a mother, and my protective instinct was fierce...How primal! My son didn't leave my sight, even for a moment, during our stay at the hospital.

Thinking back to it now, I can't imagine handing him to a nurse or doctor to leave my room, and be out of my sight, even for a few minutes. Nor can I imagine, following along with them into a little room, with a sterile counter covered in gauze, needles, iodine, clamps, and other impliments of surgery. My baby was perfect, everything was there, everthing completely developed and purposeful and complete and precious...I loved every part of him, all of him.

My heart aches, to imagine his little newborn body, helpless and trusting, unwrapped and exposed to the chill of hospital air after being inside me, so warm and cozy and safe for so long...out of my arms, undiapered, his back against a rigid, plastic board molded into the shape of a baby...having his legs stretched and pulled away from his body, and then put snugly into velcro straps to restrain them.
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Colorado NoCirc


(Printables are located in grey boxes.)

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Some people have trouble with "ethics", beyond what they learn in Sunday school. But most people can recognize certain values when they hear them. Let's look at some in a special way that highlights what psychologists call "cognitive dissonance" -- when the mind and reality do not match up -- as they relate to circumcision. Nearly everybody will be able to relate to the ethical principles below, while understanding what happens in real life that violates the principles:

"We hope our baby doesn't have any birth defects."
…except for aposthia (lack of foreskin) which we would sort of like.

"We'd never submit our baby to a surgical procedure without a diagnosis."
…except for circumcision, which doctors let us decide about.

"It is not OK to hurt babies."
…except when they 'have to be' circumcised.

"We'd never unnecessarily place our baby at risk of infection or injury."
…except to get him circumcised.

"We'd never permit healthy tissue to be removed from our baby."
…unless it is his foreskin.

"It is our job to protect our baby from pain."
...except from his circumcision.

"We must aid and comfort our baby when he is injured."
…except during his circumcision which we'll pretend doesn't hurt.

"We'd never take the easy way out of caring for our baby."
…unless it is a boy. Then we'll have his penis altered so we won't have to take care of the great unknown: foreskin.

"We'd never allow anything to impair our baby's bonding with his mother."
…except for the pain of circumcision.

"We want our baby to grow up happy with his body."
…but we'll jeopardize his self-esteem by cutting the center of his male body image: his penis.

"We'd never let our child feel robbed of something if we could prevent it."
…except for his foreskin which we hold to be worthless (and we don't care what he might think).

"We'd never place our child at a disadvantage where he could be ridiculed."
…except we'll alter his penis so it doesn't look like or function like the vast majority in the world.

"We wouldn't want our baby to doubt our commitment to him.
…but we'll let a stranger cut off his foreskin, and we'll let him grow up knowing that we couldn't or wouldn't protect him from this invasion of his body.

"We'd never do anything to make our baby doubt our love."
…except we'll have part of his body destroyed by circumcision.

"We'd never do anything to our baby just because it was done to us."
…except we'll circumcise him so he'll be just like his Daddy.

"We don't hold with tribal markings just to make children feel part of a clan as they do in primitive cultures."
…except we'll circumcise our boys in the (vain) hope that they'll all look alike in the locker room.

"We would not compromise our baby just to bend to societal pressures."
…except we'll circumcise him because the grandparents expect it, and what would the neighbors say?

"We'd never impose our will on our child against his future wishes."
…except we'll rush to circumcise him before he can even formulate his wishes.

"We'd never compromise our baby's future happiness."
…but we will remove an erogenous part of his body.

"We'd never make an irreversible decision to alter our child's appearance in a way he might one day regret, such as tattooing."
…unless it is to alter the appearance of his penis in a way -we- want.

"We want our baby to grow up a -human- being."
…but we'll teach him, by circumcising him, that human rights don't amount to much.

"We'll love our baby in all his glory."
…except for his foreskin which we'll have cut off and thrown in the trash.

"God made our baby with love, care and wisdom."
…except for his penis which needs to be 'fixed'.

"We hold that all parts of our baby's body are sacred.”
…except for his foreskin which is ours to alter as we will.

"It is wrong to deprive someone of a healthy part of their body."
…unless it is the male foreskin.
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Jewish children are just as deserving of the basic human right to genital integrity as any other person on this planet. And they are just as entitled to make their own decisions about faith and genital cutting when they reach maturity. Religious beliefs, IMO, should be lovingly shared and taught...not permanently carved into flesh of babies, which is quite literally what genital cutting does.

Would it not be incredibly hypocritical---if not anti-semetic---to advocate against medicalized RIC on the basis of it being damaging and a violation of human rights and then to turn around and make an exception for ritual circumcision? Wouldn't it be discriminatory to exclude Jewish infants from the right to genital integrity and protection from such a harmful act?

And what about the related (but less common) practice of metzitzah b'peh? Health officials are so determined to skate around the issue of religious freedom they have now enacted new guidelines to make the practice of a mohel putting a baby's penis IN HIS MOUTH and SUCKING BLOOD out of the wound safer, rather than illegal.

I'm not sure I've ever heard of a more obvious case of religious freedom being put before the health and wellbeing of children. In no other situation would an adult putting an infant's penis in his mouth be deemed anything less than sexual abuse.

The guidelines advise mohels conducting oral-suction circumcision about how to correctly wash their hands and clean their fingernails, and says mohels should "rinse mouth thoroughly with a mouthwash containing greater than 25 percent alcohol" for at least 30 seconds.

I know this is going to sound inflammatory, but to me it's akin to the state setting guidelines that if a priest ritually devirginizes a little girl he please wash his hands and put on a condom first.

Case in point: We're talking about innocent, vulnerable, non-consenting minors here. That's the difference, and why this is an issue of human rights, not religious freedom.

Fortunately, religions are constantly evolving and Judiasm is no different. Many Jewish families are now choosing to forgo the ritual and are instead welcoming their babies without the operation.

Pro-Intact Jewish Links:

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene: Communicable Disease

Neonatal Genital Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Infection After Jewish Ritual Circumcision: Modern Medicine and Religious Tradition

Pictures-VERY graphic

New York Times: Fear rabbi gave tots herpes, Probe death of baby after circumcision

Rabbi probed for circumcised infants’ herpes: Baby died from disease after undergoing procedure.

Risky Circumcision: Old Jewish practice causes herpes

The Jewish Week: City Risking Babies’ Lives With Brit Policy: Health Experts

Urinary Tract Infection Following Jewish Circumcision


Circumcision: A Jewish Feminist Perspective, by Miriam Pollack

The Kindest Un-Cut

Bris Backlash

Circumcision Choices

Jewish Circumcision Resource Center

(translated by Shlomo Pines. University of Chicago, 1963)

The Jewish Roots of Anti-Circumcision Arguments

Brit Shalom-Covenant of Wholeness

Mothering Magazine: “My Son: The Little Jew with a Foreskin”

InterfaithFamily.Com: “Why I Am Not Having My Sons Circumcised”, by Dawn Friedman

RitualWell.Org: “Struggling with Circumcision”, anonymous
Originally published in Reconstructionism Today, Vol. 11, No. 3, Spring-Summer 2004.

Bris B’lee Milah

Bris Shalom

Bris Shalom Ceremony

Jewish Circumcision Referrences

Brit without Milah

Circumcision for Religious Reasons

Jews Against Circumcision

Circumcision: A Source of Jewish Pain

Bris Shalom Celebrants/Providers in the US

Alternative Bris Support Group


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Attention, CHRISTIANS!

Galatians 5:1-6, Galatians 6:12-16, 1 Corinthians 7:19, Romans 2:29, Colossians 2:8-12, Philippians 3:2-3, and Romans 12:2

Christian Parents and the Circumcision Issue (Pamplet)

Should Christians be Circumcised?

Christianity and Circumcision: A Call for Christian Action, by Van Lewis

The Morality of Circumcision, by Father John Dietzen

Circumcision: A Biblical Perspective, by Susan Crawford Beil

NoHarmm, “Circumcision and the Christian Parent”

CIRP: “Answers from the Bible to Questions About Circumcision”

“The Holy Bible, Circumcision False Prophets, and the Christian Parent” by George Hill

“Christian Parents and the Circumcision Issue”, by James E. Peron, MS, Ed.D, from Many Blessings, Volume 3, Spring 2000

“What the Bible Really Says About Circumcision”, by laura Jezek

“Why Christians Need Not Be Circumcised”

Christians for Wholeness


Catholics Against Circumcision

Catholic Teachings on Circumcision (Pamphlet)


The difference between bris with a shield, and bris with a gomco, plastibell, or mogen


Circumcision and Mormonism (pamphlet)
Adobe PDF

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and Circumcision

Stop Infant Circumcision
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Don’t want to circ, but partner does?

Here's a great overview article

A good article for insight into how DH may be feeling

This is a good article to print out and share with your DH, from Men's Health magazine.

Some mom's also have good luck with sharing a video with their DH:

Video 1

Video 2

Video 3

I've heard the suggestion made to have him put headphones on with the volume turned all the way up to get the '"full effect". :-(

Some moms have also had luck with showing their dh this photograph of a very horrific complicaiton of circumcision
(WARNING: Not for the faint of heart or stomach!)

Also, on another messageboard I recently read a mom's account of how she convinced her husband, and it was an approach I'd never even thought of before:

"When he arrived home from work I greeted him with excitement. "Come see what I found!" He came, and I pulled up the restoration website, and with exaggerated excitement I said, "Look! You can regrow your foreskin, and by the time a boy is old enough to notice any difference, you will be the same! And nobody has to have any surgery! Isn't that great?" At first he was interested, then bewildered, the after looking at the fimo bells and stuff pictured I never heard another word -- about regrowing, but more importantly, about circumcision."

One mother suggested this approach: "The thing is, intact is the default, the do-nothing option, the pain-free and reversible decision. If you both can't agree, then nothing gets done. Quite frankly, I would print him off a list of all the boys that have died from circumcision. I would present this to him and say, "These boys have all died from an unnecessary surgery. There is no way I am going to take the risk, no matter how small it is, that this could happen to our son when he is perfectly fine and healthy the way he is. Since we can't agree, we'll be doing nothing."

In response to the argument of her husband that he’s the one with the penis, so he should be the one to make the circumcision decision for their son, one woman responded to her husband, “Well, since I’m the only one who knows what it’s like to be intact, I should be the one to decide.”

Another mother quips, “Any man who wants his genitals to match his son’s should shave his pubic hair and wear ice in his shorts until the boy hits puberty.”


More links:

Like Father, Like Son by Mary G. Ray

Looking Like Dad a Reason to Amputate Foreskin?
Circumcision to Look Like Others

Aesthetic and cultural reasons for circumcision

A circumcised father (Wayne Hampton) explains why he left his son intact

Another circumcised father (Roy M. Payne, PhD.) shares his thoughts


Many parents will admit that there is no medical justification for routine infant circumcision, but for many fathers, "matching" and concerns about locker-room teasing weigh heavily during the decision making process.

Recently, in another forum, a fellow mother shared an analogy which I found a bit shocking, but facinating nonetheless. What she said was directed at a mother who didn't want to circumcise her son but didn't feel she had any other choice because her husband was happily circumcised, and essentially, "He's the one with the penis."

"Just to point out, you are the only one in the marriage with intact genitals. You may not have a penis, but your dh has no idea what being intact entails and what it's like to have a foreskin. Most intact men, if you ask them whether they'd like to be circed, would look at you in horror and cup their crotches protectively - the same reaction you'd get from intact women if you suggested they get circed.

I read a very interesting article in the Washington Post about a Deaf lesbian couple who had a baby through artificial insemination with sperm from a gay friend who is also Deaf. They were hoping that the baby would be deaf like them - in fact they were deliberately trying for a deaf baby and were overjoyed when the baby was born deaf too. They didn't see anything wrong with hoping for a baby with a major handicap such as deafness; they had both been deaf from birth and didn't know anything different. They saw no advantage to being hearing. For those of us who are hearing, it's very hard to understand that mindset - knowing what it is to hear other people's voices, listen to music, hear the birds, etc. I would be devastated if my child were born deaf.

In this situation, you are the hearing one and your dh is the deaf one. Except that instead of wishing for his baby to be born deaf like him, he wants to take active steps to remove from his baby the sexual potential he himself never got to realize, or make him deaf to the sensations the foreskin provides.

If my dh were deaf and I were hearing, I would never allow him to do something to make our baby deaf to be like him. He simply would not be in a position to decide what's best for our baby because he would not be acting with experience of the normal, only with experience of the handicap."

Now, a few people reading are probably rolling their eyes. Circumcision, a handicap? Yeah right, whatever. Well, not so fast...

When a newborn is circumcision, more is lost then just the foreskin.

More, on how circumcision actually affects the way the penis functions:

NOHARMM: Anatomy and functions of the male foreskin

CIRP: Anatomy of the Penis, Mechanics of Intercourse

CIRP: The Penis and Foreskin: Preputial Anatomy and Sexual Function

(Please keep in mind that while the above sights are purely educational, they do contain drawings and photographs.)

Someone else shared this explaination:

"A man who is circ'd will inevitably say that he is just fine, that he enjoys sex and that there is nothing wrong with him. He's not desensitised! He will swear up and down that this is the case.

He is like a person with no sense of taste. Sure you can still eat, and probably even enjoy the varying textures, smells and tempratures of the food. they might say "what do you mean food could be better? I love eating, its so satisfying. I couldnt imagine it ever being any better than this." But thats the problem, having never had a chance to experience taste, he woulnt be able to even imagine what he is missing.

Not only that, a person with no sense of taste can still EAT and CHEW as well as anyone, so obviously their mouth works just fine, right? They can blow bubbles with bubble gum, whistle, play a wind instrument... there is nothing WRONG with a mouth that can't taste.

A man having never experienced a foreskin would be unable to imagine that sex could be better. He would have nothing to compare it to. It just isnt possible. Its liek trying to describe colors to a blind person. they might get the vaguest idea of what it is, but they just don't know. Or sound to a deaf person. Or taste to a tasteless person. Its something outside of thier experience."

But, what about bonding?

One mother had this to say, “Your son will not bond with your husband because their penises look the same. Your son will bond with your husband because your husband will hold him, play with him, read books to him, bounce him to sleep, kiss his owies, give him a bath, play trains with him, feed him his dinner, kiss him goodnight, carry him around all day, etc. Their penises will have absolutely nothing to do with the bond they form.

The early years are when the bond is formed. Your son will have no clue that his father's penis is different from his for many years to come - long after he has bonded to his daddy.”

One mother was asked how she’d respond if her son asked why he didn’t look like his father. She responded, “ok, he'll probably be asking those *kind of questions when he's about three or four, right? if his penis looks ANYTHING like a grown man's at that point in time, we have bigger problems than whether or not he is intact."

I think it's hard for a lot of us to imagine, because for so long we've been told circumcision is just a "little snip" and the foreskin is "extra skin"...but it's not "extra", it comes standard...and circumcision removes 1/3-1/2 of the penile skin system, or what would become 15 square inches, including 3-4 feet of blood vessels, 240 feet of nerves, and 10,000-20,000 specialized nerve endings. I can't help but think what sex might be like if I'd had a similar amount of genital tissue removed from my most private parts, but went through puberty and grew into adulthood never knowing any differently.

So, what if ultimately you cannot reach an agreement?

One mother advises:


Do nothing by not trying to convince your spouse
Do nothing by not signing the consent forms
Do nothing by not scheduling an appointment
Doing nothing = no circumcision

If the two of you never agreed on circumcising, by doing nothing, the automatic result is an intact baby boy. Just tell the doctors and nurses that you don’t want circumcision, and it won’t happen."
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I think as parents, we have to make a choice to be part of the problem, or part of the solution. Even if teasing was a huge problem, the solution isn't to keep cutting our sons in order to help them fit in, the solution is to raise our sons with enough confidence and self respect that any teasing or bullying they might receive in this regard can be easily brushed off as ignorance or jealousy.

The truth is, unlike American males OUR age, most of whom are circumcised...babies are not being cut at the same high rate anymore. This year the rate will be about 50/50, making an intact penis as common a variation as hair or eye color. TIMES HAVE CHANGED. If there is any stigma remaining for our children surrounding circumcision status, there is still much more so, sadly, surrounding homosexuality. If someone makes a comment about my son's penis, all he needs to do is ask that bully "Why are you looking at my penis, dude?" and the whole situation is suddenly reversed.

We should all also think about the concept of permanently, physically, invasively---yes, surgically---altering our children's bodies in order for them to fit in, follow the crowd, and be cool. When you actually think about what that means...doesn't it seem not only extreme, but like a value or way of living that teaches him to change himself, rather than be himself? Do we really want our children to think the same, act the same, and be the same as other teens? Is it always safe or sane to do what everyone else is doing?

As parents, we have a responsibility to our children to keep them safe and to raise them to be intelligent, free-thinking, self-sustaining adults. I think cultural circumcision seriously undermines that. As responsible parents, we need to rise above the ignorance and immaturity of the bully we fear and provide our children with the values and mental/emotional resources to be proud of who they are.

When my son is faced with ignorance and prejudice, I want him to stand strong and educate and enlighten, not run away with his tail tucked between his legs, or worse...become like them.

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Better NOW than LATER?

According to the Canadian Paediatric Society, the chance of a boy actually needing a circumcision for medical reasons later in life is just 1%. Why guarentee him the pain and risk of surgery now, when he has a 99% chance of getting through life with a normal, healthy, whole penis? Especially when you consider the following ten reasons why adult circumcision-if it does become necessary-is better than routinely cutting all babies at birth.

Adult vs. Infant Circumcision: 10 Reasons

1.) Adults provide informed consent. Babies have NO choice.

2.) Babies are more-not less-sensitive to pain, and they *do* remember, at least on a subconscious level.

3.) A baby foreskin is fused to the glans, much like your fingernail is attached to your finger. One of the first (and most painful) steps of an infant circumcision involves forcibly separating the two structures-literally, tearing them apart. An adult's foreskin is usually able to retract easily and comfortably.

4.) Adults can have general anesthesia, thereby experiencing a truly "pain free" operation. At best, newborns get local worst, nothing at all.

5.) Adults can be provided medications to prevent erections during the healing process. Babies are not offered this.

6.) Adults can have "good" pain medications post-op. The most an infant gets is Tylenol.

7.) An adult can choose the exact 'style' of circumcision he prefers...loose, tight...high, low...frenulum/no frenulum...etc. Babies are circumcised by a random methods removing imprecise and highly variable amounts of skin.

8.) Adult penises are BIGGER. There is a lot more room for error with infant circumcision.

9.) Adults will not normally be healing in a 'diaper environment', exposing their surgical wound to urine and feces. This also means adults who are circumcised will likely have a far lower risk of Meatal Stenosis. The risk for babies is 9-10%.

10.) Adults normally have more developed and resistant immune systems and if an infection did occur it would be less dangerous to an adult then a newborn.
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Don't believe me? Watch one for yourself.

Intact Video

CIRP Video

CircumcisionQuotes Video

"I'm sobbing. The baby's screaming. The doctor's cutting. There's blood everywhere. And the doctor looked into my face and said, 'There's no medical reason for doing this." -Marilyn Milos, RN
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That's right, genital reduction surgery.

Circumcision removes a part of an infant's penis that would develop into a moveable, double-layered tubular sheath of protective skin about 15 square inches in size (picture a 3x5 index card) containing 3-4 feet of blood vessels, 240 feet of nerves, and tens of thousands of specialized nerve endings. The foreskin protects the sensitive glans throughout life, keeping it soft, supple, and sensitive...just as a woman's hood protects her clitoris. In fact, both the foreskin and the clitoral hood are medically known as the "prepuce". During infancy, the foreskin is fused to the glans in most babies, and protects the urinary opening (meatus) from fecal contamination and ulceration from excessive urine exposure, effectively preventing meatal stenosis-a condition 10% of circumcised boys will develop. Most circumcisions also remove-or at least significantly damage-the frenulum, referred to by many as the 'male g-spot'. The muscular ridged band at the opening of the foreskin is also lost.

Want to learn more?

Check out this video, put together for medical students by Doctors Opposing Circumcision entitled, "The Prepuce":

WMP, Streaming

WMP, Download-use “save link as”

Or, N.O.R.M.'s "Lost List" by Gary Harryman